Eurocode - Basis of structural design
(1) EN 1990 establishes Principles and requirements for the safety, serviceability and durability of structures, describes the basis for their design and verification and gives guidelines for related aspects of structural reliability. (2) EN 1990 is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 1991 to EN 1999 for the structural design of buildings and civil engineering works, including geotechnical as-pects, structural fire design, situations involving earthquakes, execution and temporary structures. NOTE For the design of special construction works (e.g. nuclear installations, dams, etc.), other provi-sions than those in EN 1990 to EN 1999 might be necessary. (3) EN 1990 is applicable for the design of structures where other materials or other actions outside the scope of EN 1991 to EN 1999 are involved. (4) EN 1990 is applicable for the structural appraisal of existing construction, in devel-oping the design of repairs and alterations or in assessing changes of use. NOTE Additional or amended provisions might be necessary where appropriate.
Eurocode 1: Actions on structures - Part 2: Traffic loads on bridges
Assessment of imposed loads associated with road traffic, pedestrian actions and rail traffic including dynamic effects, centrifugal, braking, acceleration and accidental forces, to be used for the structural design of road, railway and pedestrian/cycle bridges. Guidance on combinations with non-traffic loads and other actions on road and railway bridges, and loads on parapets.
Eurocode 1 - Actions on structures - Part 3: Actions induced by cranes and machinery
Specifies actions, self-weights and imposed loads (models and representative values) associated with hoists, crabs and cranes on runway beams, static and dynamic actions induced in supporting structures by machinery and permanent, variable and accidental actions induced by transport vehicles (forklifts, wheeled, tracked and rail transportation vehicles, devices for maintenance and helicopters).
Eurocode 1 - Actions on structures - Part 4: Silos and tanks
(1)P This part provides general principles and actions for the structural design of silos for the storage of particulate solids and tanks for the storage of fluids and shall be used in conjunction with EN 1990, other parts of EN 1991 and EN 1992 to EN 1999. (2) This part includes some provisions for actions on silo and tank structures that are not only associated with the stored solids or liquids (e.g. the effects of thermal differentials, aspects of the differential settlements of batteries of silos) (3) The following geometrical limitations apply to the design rules for silos: - the silo cross-section shapes are limited to those shown in Figure 1.1d, though minor variations may be accepted provided the structural consequences of the resulting changes in pressure are considered; - the following dimensional limitations apply: hb/dc < 10 hb < l00 m dc < 60 m - the transition lies in a single horizontal plane (see Figure 1.1a); - the silo does not contain an internal structure such as a cone or pyramid with its apex uppermost, cross-beams, etc. However, a rectangular sil
Eurocode 2 - Design of concrete structures - Concrete bridges - Design and detailing rules
Complementary to Part 1. Varied general rules and additional detailed rules for the structural design of road, rail and footbridges using reinforced and/or prestressed concrete.
Eurocode 2 - Design of concrete structures - Part 3: Liquid retaining and containment structures
1.1.2 Scope of Part 3 of Eurocode 2 (101)P Part 3 of EN 1992 covers additional rules to those in Part 1 for the design of structures constructed from plain or lightly reinforced concrete, reinforced concrete or prestressed concrete for the containment of liquids or granular solids. (102)P Principles and Application Rules are given in this Part for the design of those elements of structure which directly support the stored liquids or materials (i.e. the directly loaded walls of tanks, reservoirs or silos). Other elements which support these primary elements (for example, the tower structure which supports the tank in a water tower) should be designed according to the provisions of Part 1-1. (103)P This part does not cover: - Structures for the storage of materials at very low or very high temperatures - Structures for the storage of hazardous materials the leakage of which could constitute a major health or safety risk. - The selection and design of liners or coatings and the consequences of the choice of these on the design of the structure. - Pressurised vessels. - Floating s
Eurocode 2 - Design of concrete structures - Part 4: Design of fastenings for use in concrete
1.1 General (1) This European Standard provides a design method for fastenings (connection of structural elements and non-structural elements to structural components), which are used to transmit actions to the concrete. This design method uses physical models which are based on a combination of tests and numerical analysis consistent with EN 1990:2002, 5.2. The requirements for the transmission of the fastener loads within the concrete member to its supports are given in EN 1992-1-1 and Annex A of this EN. Inserts embedded in precast concrete elements during production, under Factory Production Control (FPC) conditions and with the due reinforcement, intended for use only during transient situations for lifting and handling, are covered by CEN/TR 15728. (2) This EN is intended for safety related applications in which the failure of fastenings may result in collapse or partial collapse of the structure, cause risk to human life or lead to significant economic loss. In this context it also covers non-structural elements. (3) The support of the fixture can be either statically d
Eurocode 3 - Design of steel structures - Part 2: Steel Bridges
EN 1993-2 provides a general basis for the structural design of steel bridges and steel parts of composite bridges. It gives provisions that supplement, modify or supersede the equivalent provisions given in the various parts of EN 1993-1. (2) The design criteria for composite bridges are covered in EN 1994-2. (3) The design of high strength cables and related parts are included in EN 1993-1-11. (4) This European Standard is concerned only with the resistance, serviceability and durability of bridge structures. Other aspects of design are not considered. (5) For the execution of steel bridge structures, EN 1090 should be taken into account. NOTE: As long as EN 1090 is not yet available a provisional guidance is given in Annex C. (6) Execution is covered to the extent that is necessary to indicate the quality of the construction materials and products that should be used and the standard of workmanship needed to comply with the assumptions of the design rules. (7) Special requirements of seismic design are not covered. Reference should be made to the requirements given
Eurocode 3 - Design of steel structures - Part 5: Piling
Complementary to Part 1. Varied general rules and additional detailed rules for the structural design of steel bearing piles and sheet piles and concrete filled steel piles.